Interdependence per se is not an inevitable problem for the world politics, contrary to what many critical theorists advocate. However, it urgently calls for the better communication strategies between global stakeholders. Global interdependence is cause of troubles to politicians, policy makers, and different supranational and intergovernmental organizations, since they are unclear how to tackle it properly. These actors are unable to adjust to the changing world that has been shaped “by the recent historical shift [in] an ecologically, economically, politically, and culturally interdependent global environment.”[1]

Economic interdependency is the easiest to spot. Therefore, this particular interdependency is usually pointed out when discussing negative aspects of global interdependency or globalization. Global economic interdependency was first apparent at the beginning of 1990s with the triumph of capitalism, which led to the surge of foreign direct investments (FDIs). Later this fueled economic crisis which originated with the U.S. real estate market crash and gradually spread to worldwide banks and lending institutions. In his Paris speech, Harald Braun stated that the “changing nature of the global economy is painfully evident in the current financial and economic crisis. […] Today, the crisis affects all major and many lesser economies around the globe. In addition to complex economic interdependence, significant global change is also evident in other arenas, such as climate change, energy production and consumption, international terrorism […].”[2] As outlined earlier, these changes have to be dealt with both on local and regional levels, as well as by supranational and intergovernmental actors.

Furthermore, besides economic interdependency, global environmental and health interdependencies are being acknowledged more often. Namely, environmental codependency is primarily caused by multinational, non-ethical corporations (i.e., Monsanto), which produced unsustainable chemicals, caused non-sustainable chemical reactions, as well as environmental pollution. Furthermore, countries that are not part of rich regional unions are more likely to indirectly cause pollution through the lack of environmental policies, or through the inability to enforce already existing environmental laws (e.g., through fines, bans etc.). Therefore, more successful environmental cooperation needs to be developed globally in order to sustain current environmental level, and limit further pollution and degradation of atmosphere. Some attempts have already been made in this regard; however, still a lot of work needs to be done in order to bring in line “global” environmental policies.

In conclusion, interdependence “ works in [all] directions. [All] sides [must] be interested”[3] to sustain it and to act globally. Thus, interdependency might constitute a problem for world politics; however, world leaders and supranational organizations have an urgent task of learning how to deal with it.


[1] Schäfer, W. (2007). Lean Globality Studies. Stony Brook University, Center for Global History. Globality Studies Journal No. 7, May 28, 2007 . pg. 4

[2] Braun, H. (2009). Diplomacy in Times of Global Change: A Lecture. German Embassy, Paris. Globality Studies Journal, No. 13, May 7, 2009. pg. 5

[3] Kleiner, Juergen(2008) ‘The Inertia of Diplomacy’, Diplomacy & Statecraft, 19: 2, 321 — 349